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This shows a graphical depiction of the lateral course on the missed approach segment toward the holding fix.
Missed approach point (MAP or MAPt) is the point prescribed in each instrument approach at which a missed approach procedure shall be executed if the required visual reference does not exist.
Reading a missed approach procedure is a critical step toward briefing and flying a complete instrument approach to an airport. The missed approach point is the position where the pilot must immediately climb away from the airport if the landing criteria of FAR 91.175(c) are not met. There are two challenges involved in reading the missed approach point:
Where is the missed approach point? The profile view depicts the missed
approach point as the beginning of a dashed line, as shown above. It is
generally located between the final approach fix and the airport.
However, only one missed approach point is depicted, and each procedure
may have two or three different missed approach points. Common
locations for a missed approach point include the runway threshold, the
primary NAVAID for the approach, and the intersection of the glide slope
with the decision altitude.
How does the pilot know when the aircraft has reached the missed
approach point? The pilot must understand the aircraft position relative to
the missed approach point while flying each instrument approach
procedure. Because each procedure has a unique configuration, the
indications and techniques used to identify the missed approach point may
be unique as well. Common identifiers for a missed approach point
include a named waypoint, a DME fix, and a time and speed table.
This study guide contains several scenarios that illustrate the most common types of instrument approach configurations. These can be used as examples for
learning to read and identify the location of a missed approach point.
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